men playing basketball

Reviewing Basketball's Core Principles: 5 Rules to Remember

Playing sports is a great way to get your blood pumping while having a little bit of fun as well. This is because different sports let you stimulate your body’s muscles much more effectively than routine workouts. Since you’ll be actively using your core and muscles, your brain is also trained to have more intuitive responses aligned with your agility. 

Understanding Basketball Rules 

Basketball is a beloved sport played by millions of players worldwide. It’s one of the few sports that actively engage the body’s full range of muscle groups. This is why it’s as fun as it is healthy to play. Like any sport, basketball is governed by a set of rules that reflects its complexity and overall theme. Before warming up with your friends, you should study up on what you might need to observe during your game. 

If you need a refresher course on basketball’s principles, here are five rules you need to remember: 

1. Team Arrangements 

Unless you’re playing one-on-one in a half-court setup, playing basketball will require you to do so in teams. A team consists of three to five players, with formal games requiring five people on the court. Each game starts with a tip-off in the midline of the court. Either team has a chance to get a hold of the ball to start the clock. 

2. Ball Possession 

After the tip-off, players may pass the ball to other teammates or dribble it while on hand. The defensive team tries to snatch the ball while the offensive team observes a twenty-four-second shot clock. Unless they make a shot with the ball in their possession, the ball will be forfeited to the other team. Additionally, possession of the ball is transferred after the player in possession receives a foul of traveling. 

3. Fouls and Violations 

It’s essential to navigate the court and handle the ball while observing the game’s rules. Otherwise, a player may incur a foul and force the other team to take a free throw. 

Fouls will vary in severity and corresponding penalty. It usually involves improper handling of the ball or forced physical contact with another player. Generally, it’s important to find the balance between blocking your opponent and staying clear of their personal space. 

4. Game Clock

Besides the shot clock limit, games are separated between four quarters, with each quarter lasting 20 minutes or shorter. Each interval leaves players with a few minutes of break to cool down and receive instructions from their coach. Additionally, coaches and players can call a timeout seven charged timeouts during the four quarters. 

5. Points System 

Points are gained by shooting the ball through the opposite team’s hoop. Two points are granted for any shot that makes the basket within the 3-point arc. Anything shot outside the 3-point arc receives three points. Additionally, a single-point is awarded for successful free throws. 

After the game’s four quarters, the winner is declared as the team with the most points. If both teams’ scores are equal, the game will be pushed to overtime until one team surpasses the other. 


While everyone loves to play a casual game of streetball, the guidelines above can help you train for formal games on the court. With these rules in mind, you can bring a ball in hand and play almost anywhere in the world. 

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